THE PASSAGE OF TIME IN THE BOOK OF ESTHER: A CHART OF TIME REFERENCES

THE PASSAGE OF TIME IN THE BOOK OF ESTHER

CHART OF TIME REFERENCES

RABBI MICHAEL GRAETZ

©Rabbi Michael Graetz  

 

VERSE DATE
1:3 3rd year of King Ahasuerus
1:4 3rd year 180 day party for ministers of all 127 countries
1:5 3rd year +7 day party for all residents of Shushan
1:10 3rd year 7th day of party Vashti is thrown out
2:1 After those incidents [indefinite time] queen contest
2:6 Jerusalem, exile of Jehoiachin [hint of historical date]
2:12 Each girl is prepared for 12 months
2:16 7th year 10th month [Tevet] Esther is taken to king; she starts reign
2:21 In those days [indefinite time] Plot against the king, written in kings diary
3:1 After those incidents [indefinite time] Haman is elevated
3:7 1st Month [Nisan] of 12th year Haman rolls the Pur and determines best day to kill all Jews is in 12th Month [Adar] of that same year
3:12-13 1st Month [Nisan] 13th day of Month, decree is promulgated to all countries to kill all Jews on one day, the 13th day of the 12th month [Adar], and their wealth is for the taking/13 Nisan – historical hint/v. 15 “dehufim” urgently
4:11 Esther was not “called” to king for 30 days
4:16 Esther declares 3 day fast Nisan 13, 14, 15 [historical hints!]
5:1 On 3rd day [15 Nisan] Esther appears and invites king and Haman to feast [v. 5 “maharu” hurry up Haman]
5:8 16 Nisan [evening] Esther invites them to 2nd feast [16 Nisan]
5:14 16/17? Nisan [evening] Haman decides to build gallows to hang Mordecai
6:1 16/17? Nisan [evening] That night King cannot sleep reads about Mordecai [cf. 2:21] Haman comes to request to kill Mordecai [early before the general order in Adar] He must praise Mordecai before all v. 10 “maher” quickly
6:11 16/17? Nisan [morning], Haman parades Mordecai around, is depressed, goes home, and v.14 “vayavhilu” very urgently take him to feast
7:1-10 17/18? Nisan [evening] Esther accuses Haman, suggests counter plan, Haman is hanged
8:1 17/18? Nisan [morning] Mordecai takes Haman’s place
8:8-9 Mordecai and Esther write counter order, Jews can kill those who attack them/ 3rd month [Sivan] 23rd day, this order is sent out
8:14 “mevuhalim” and “dehufim” frantic urgency for this order
9:1/14/17-19 12th month, days 13, 14, 15 when Jews fought attackers, and rested and celebrated

 

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